Agriculture — Per Square Mile: medieval strip farms transplanted into the New World by dispossessed European farmers.
This is rarely taught in American schools today: the series of revolutions and uprisings that swept the English countryside and how the freeing of the serfs led to them creating their own insular political system called ‘shires’. The concept of a shire is very, very old and predates the Norman Conquest. The Normans were few in number and quickly figured out how to exploit the shire concept and this is how the Normans moved wide and far, taking over things via the shire system. Often this could be a bloody business as the old shire masters fought heroically back and this is where Robin Hood legends come from. We should get rid of local policing. Ferguson shows why the system just doesn’t work. – The Washington Post is an editorial that claims the only way to run America is the Russian Czar system which Jewish immigrants are most familiar with and I say, as the daughter of the English system, this is a terrible solution!
Mr. Sunil Dutta is a former LA cop who comes from India which was ruled first by Moguls and then by British Imperialists and so he thinks a top down rule with a ruler at the center dictating local rule is ideal.
Issues of unprofessional and inefficient policing are rooted in our decentralized approach to policing, allowing some local departments to get away with subpar officer training, shoddy practices and corruption. This fossilized and inefficient system needs to be thrown out. Instead, policing should be managed at the state level, which would provide for higher-quality law enforcement and more oversight.
Law enforcement in the United States is disturbingly fragmented.
My ancestors who brought this ‘disturbing’ system to the New World did this quite deliberately and for extremely good reasons. I know from personal family tales, all sorts of fun stories about fighting the Crown even one of my ancestors voted in Parliament to behead the King! Actually, this is why they came to the New World which was a howling wilderness back then when the King’s relatives took over again and banished my family as troublemakers. Aka, Puritans.
Right now, Thanksgiving is being attacked by the left as an evil holiday due to my ancestors coming here. You all can imagine how I feel about all this. All nations on earth without exception are the result of wars, invasions, uprisings, aggression of all sorts from day one, that is, when the crazy apes in Africa picked up rocks and began chipping them into weapons.
Why is the US and Canada both quite different from Central and South America? The answer is obvious to me: the English shire system which rose to its greatest power, is the fundamental basis of the US/Canadian political systems. From top to bottom. This system has been badly warped by heavy immigration from 1870 to today and population growth which has made many former shires into unwieldy cities.
Before discussing this further: Shire – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Britain, “shire” is the original term for what is usually known now as a county; the word county having been introduced at the Norman Conquest of England. The two are synonymous. Although in modern British usage counties are referred to as “shires” mainly in poetic contexts, terms such as Shire Hall remain common. Shire also remains a common part of many county names.
The word derives from the Old English scir, itself a derivative of the Proto-Germanic skizo (cf. Old High German scira), meaning care or official charge. The system was first used in Wessex from the beginning of Anglo-Saxon settlement, and spread to most of the rest of England in the tenth century, along with West Saxon political control. In Domesday (1086) the city of York was divided into shires. The first shires of Scotland were created in English-settled areas such as Lothian and the Borders, in the ninth century. King David I more consistently created shires and appointed sheriffs across lowland shores of Scotland.
The shire in early days was governed by an Ealdorman and in the later Anglo-Saxon period by royal official known as a “shire reeve” or sheriff. The shires were divided into hundreds or wapentakes, although other less common sub-divisions existed. An alternative name for a shire was a “sheriffdom” until sheriff court reforms separated the two concepts. In Scotland the word “county” was not adopted for the shires. Although “county” appears in some texts, “shire” was the normal name until counties for statutory purposes were created in the nineteenth century.
My ancestors were often these, that is, the elder son got the castle and ride to London to vote in the Parliament , the second son got this job: SHERIFF while the youngest went into the Church. All the Norman families including the royals had this internal family rule. No estate was allowed to be divided between sons. And if there was no son, the daughter inherited the estate and huge wars were fought over who got to marry her.
Historian W. Morris wrote that “the office of Sheriff is one of the most familiar and most useful to be found in the history of English institutions…….with the single exception of kingship, no secular dignity now known to English-speaking people is older. Author Walter H. Anderson wrote that “The office of the Sheriff is one of antiquity”. Anderson went on to say that the office of Sheriff “is the oldest law enforcement office known within the common-law system and it has always been accorded great dignity and high trust”.
One of the best things about the Norman invasion was the fact that there were so few Normans, they had to spread themselves very thin and unlike at the top, they also intermarried with the Saxon women a great deal. They spread everywhere and had to live very close to their serfs unlike many great estates in Europe with the nobility living apart from the peasants. Particularly the second and third sons lived very, very close to the peasants because of the singular primogenitor rules of the Normans.
Ironically, this meant that Norman/Saxon sons raised by their mothers and grandmothers often were champions of the serfs thanks to sending some to the Church. My own family has this rule: do NOT irritate the serfs or they will turn on you and not support you when you have to fight someone (erg…the KING!) or go overseas to fight others. Happy serfs are safe serfs!
Serfs are workers. Getting the serfs to cooperate was highly important. Stupid estate owners abused their serfs. Smart ones protected and rewarded their serfs and enjoyed perfect safety at home and were strongholds not oppression points. The proud Welsh who were not conquered by the Saxons, resisted the Normans to the bitter end and were abused all the way until modern times and the wilder Scots did the same but guess who William Wallace of Scottish fame was most likely a Welsh family! Who fled to Scotland and became rich.
…in 1215 a group of former Sheriff’s, barons and others banded together and wrote the Magna Carta. Latin for “Great Charter”. This group of noblemen rebelled against King John and forced him to sign the Magna Carta, bringing a more orderly and diplomatic rule to England. This document became a guideline for which the British and American governments were to proliferate their power. 27 of the 63 clauses of the Magna Carta specifically mention the duties or authority of the Sheriff.
It is believed that the term “Sheriff” is derived from the old English reference to “Shire reeve”. A “Shire”, was a banded group of one hundred families. A “garefa”, or Chief was a person in charge of ten families. The term “garefa” later became “reeve” in the Saxon language. When bands of one hundred families joined to form Shires or Counties, the term “Shire Reeve” was used to distinguish the difference between those in charge of the mere ten families, from those responsible for the whole Shire.
The responsibilities of the “Shire-reeve” included maintaining order and the law of the land. Another duty of the Shire-reeve included the “Hue and Cry”. The “Hue and Cry” made every citizen within ear shot of the Shire-reeve lawfully obligated to respond and form a “posse-commitatas”. The “posse-commitatas” would band together for the purpose of apprehending criminals. The term posse commitatas translates to “the power of the county”. That term was later shortened to “posse”.
Two of my ancestral families were at Runnymeade and forced King John to sign the Magna Carta. Hue and cry only works when the serfs respond. They could be quite mischievous and pretend to pursue but really to assist the one fleeing. So, to keep them on one’s side meant to not be utterly vicious towards the serfs. Over time, serfs were allowed to own more and more land and the curious condition of the English countryside where there are many long narrow strips tilled by farmers was due to buying and selling these plow lands to each other and a serf could turn into ‘landed property owner’ this way and thus, apply to be a sheriff or reeve!
Then they were no longer called ‘serfs’. These people who moved out of tyranny to independent landowners are the backbone of modern democracy. The lord in the castle, if he was smart, would consult with them about political matters and represent them in Parliament to some small degree. Periodic peasant revolts showed the need to listen to the peassants lest they get out of hand.
When the New World was discovered, a terrible thing happened in England: landowners of the feudal estates discovered they could make huge profits from selling wool to Europe. So they kicked out nearly ALL the serfs who were not landowners! This army of dispossessed were forced into cities and to the New World due to the Enclosure laws in Britain. All of the ‘beautiful rural landscape’ of modern England is actually former farmland and villages turned into grasslands by ruthless landowners who became very rich this way and built those immense palaces in the countryside like the one in Downton Abbey.
The many dispossessed came to the New World. Economic Manuscripts: Capital Vol. I – Chapter Twenty-Seven by Karl Marx (yes, he was a fine historian):
The prelude of the revolution that laid the foundation of the capitalist mode of production, was played in the last third of the 15th, and the first decade of the 16th century. A mass of free proletarians was hurled on the labour market by the breaking-up of the bands of feudal retainers, who, as Sir James Steuart well says, “everywhere uselessly filled house and castle.”
Although the royal power, itself a product of bourgeois development, in its strife after absolute sovereignty forcibly hastened on the dissolution of these bands of retainers, it was by no means the sole cause of it. In insolent conflict with king and parliament, the great feudal lords created an incomparably larger proletariat by the forcible driving of the peasantry from the land, to which the latter had the same feudal right as the lord himself, and by the usurpation of the common lands. The rapid rise of the Flemish wool manufactures, and the corresponding rise in the price of wool in England, gave the direct impulse to these evictions. The old nobility had been devoured by the great feudal wars.
The new nobility was the child of its time, for which money was the power of all powers. Transformation of arable land into sheep-walks was, therefore, its cry. Harrison, in his “Description of England, prefixed to Holinshed’s Chronicles,” describes how the expropriation of small peasants is ruining the country. “What care our great encroachers?” The dwellings of the peasants and the cottages of the labourers were razed to the ground or doomed to decay. “If,” says Harrison, “the old records of euerie manour be sought… it will soon appear that in some manour seventeene, eighteene, or twentie houses are shrunk… that England was neuer less furnished with people than at the present… Of cities and townes either utterly decaied or more than a quarter or half diminished, though some one be a little increased here or there; of townes pulled downe for sheepe-walks, and no more but the lordships now standing in them… I could saie somewhat.”
Anger about losing their lands which were LEASED to farmers who basically thought they OWNED this land due to holding it for generations, these were not ‘serfs’ being despoiled, they were peasant land renters. So…when they came here, they wrote laws that made it totally clear who owned the land: themselves from the sky above to the center of the earth. My property is such. I own all the way down to the earth’s core! At least, if I can enforce this and this is where the sheriff comes in: originally, these sheriffs were myself and my family and anyone else who owned land.
They protected our property rights. My airspace was stolen from me and my kin via fiat from DC when they realized they had no right to fly planes over my home. This is a serious business because one of my previous homes was first eradicated by the city of Tucson for a parking lot and then a military jet slammed into it. My brownstone in NYC was two houses away from where two planes collided and fell and burned the houses down.
These landholding peasants were called ‘yeomanry’ and the famous Beefeaters of the Queen are also called the Yeomen of the Guard because this used to reflect their high position relative to serfs. By the beginning of the 19th century they were gone, wiped out by the change to sheep farming by the nobility.
My own farm here in America reflects this history. I used to have a fair sized herd of sheep that grazed on my pastures. I made $200 per head. Suddenly, Clinton signed that stupid free trade bill and a flood of sheep goods poured into the US. The price of my sheep plummeted to $50 a head! The sheep commune I belonged to used to have all sorts of activities and we did business with each other and sent representatives to lobby for us and all was swept aside brutally by the imperialists in DC.
We used to have many sheep owners here in upstate NY. Now, there are nearly NONE. Wiped out by government fiat! Free trade made the rich, richer. And it nearly destroyed those of us who did business with each other here at home. Now, everyone buys foreign goods. We went form a balanced budget economy to a deep in debt trade economy that is decimating our nation relentlessly.
Now, worker’s wages are collapsing. A flood of dispossessed peasants from Asia and the rest of the New World and Europe and Africa are pouring in making it worse and worse. Everyone is growing more and more violent and irrational and the lovely vision of the Shire is under assault from all sides. Tolkien wrote about this with his Lord of the Rings books. He had the Hobbits help Aragorn to win a throne but what did the new King do?
He went to the Hobbits and said he would protect them but otherwise, keep his nose out of their local affairs. But no king ever keeps this promise! Alas, no. They always come in one way or another and destroy everything. Just like the free trade deal where I had zero say and which Americans voted to NOT happen but rich lobbyists made it happen.
The problem isn’t our police are mean and brutal. It is that our nation is filled with serfs the rulers no longer want or need. You see, once a serf (illegal alien) becomes a ‘citizen’ their value to the rulers crashes to near zero. And they need new serfs to replace the old ones who must lose all the value of land and be shoved into cities and then…kill each other. Heed my warning here:
THE CITIES ARE MOSTLY USELESS TO THESE RULERS!
THEY MOVED MOST PRODUCTION OUT OF CITIES AND TO FOREIGN LANDS OR THE COUNTRYSIDE!
THEY DON’T CARE IF THE CITIES BURN LIKE DETROIT!!!
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